Uraeva I.V.  

Effects of the new economic policy network development libraries Tambov province

The new economic policy of the Russian state, which was conducted in the 1920s. Was based on a minimum allocation of funds in all areas of production, which has an adverse effect on the development of librarianship.
In the period under review in the Tambov province operated a network of libraries including the central provincial and county libraries, city district, township libraries, reading rooms, mobile libraries. The process of change indicators library network in the Tambov province can be seen in the following data: for example, in 1922 (January 1) worked 298 Libraries in the national grid in 1923 - 281, by 1924, the number dropped to 157 libraries. However, the reduction is absolutely not affected cities, by contrast, the number of urban libraries increased to 61 Extremely reduced the number of libraries in the villages - to 96 by 1 December 1925 the number of libraries in the province has increased (compared to the previous year) by more than 3 times. Registered 279 libraries (97 urban and 182 rural). Number of village reading rooms for the province in comparison with the previous year decreased from 324 to 248, ie, 24%
The sharp decline in budget allocation, transfer of political and educational institutions, including libraries, to sources of local funding has led to the widespread reduction of network library institutions, the deterioration of their material and technical base, the problems in the formation of library collections, etc. Library building in the Tambov province was in a quandary.
Economic ruin, poverty, hunger limited ability of the government; funds for the maintenance of schools, libraries, village reading rooms, points literacy was extremely inadequate. Many cultural institutions exist due to self-taxation of the population, with the result that were in distress.
The crisis of the library network in the Tambov province in the recovery of the national economy was overcome slowly, with great difficulty. Under extreme conditions, the transition to a new economic policy was the main task of maintaining existing libraries, and the establishment of a centralized library network went by the wayside.


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